The "communication zone" evolves from the existing urban structure almost without transition. The building scales adjacent to the Eastern border of the area are affiliated and further developed. Two different zones are created: the Northern boulevard with new schools and sporting facilities and the new residential areas along green strip in the East. The boulevard serves as interface between city and campus. It is accompanied from schools and recreational facilities which can be easily reached by foot or bike, both from South and North. Densified dwelling forms, student homes and ground floor shops together with the public institutions create an urban mixture of uses.
In the East a green strip passes through the new living areas. It creates a new attractive connection to the research campus and at the same time offers generous open space for residents.
Continuous rows of houses and solitary building volumes allow to experience living inside a green landscape. The building plots alongside the Eastern border are designed for new ways of densified building concepts for families as well as for members and guests of the TUM.
The new central open space of the communication zone derives from the natural morphologic relief of the gravel and flood plain. Located parallel to the Isar, a generous green strip connects North and South. Free from motor traffic it creates a superior open space for pedestrians and cyclists, as well as offering room to walk or to play. Dense, grovelike tree plantings seam its borders, inside the open meadows can be used for all kind of outdoor activities from walking to sports.
Single rows of honey locust (Gleditisa triacanthos) and robinia (Robinia pseudoaccacia) mark clearly the streets outlayed in East-West direction, accompanying the passage from the existing housing area to the open fields towards the Isar. Inside the park tree species which are typical for the gravel plain, like oak (Quercus robur), pine (Pinus sylvestris) and wild cherries (Prunus avium) are used to create tree groups, groves or solitary accents. The small squares inside the housing areas are highlighted with lime trees (Tilia cordata).
The main access to the development area is established by a new link to the B11. A circular road connects all building plots and allows an easy and clear orientation. The existing connection to the B11 is continued, complemented with residential buildings, but does not assume an superior infrastructural function for the whole area. Public as well as school buses use the boulevard and are conducted north across the Römerhofweg to the Ludwig-Prantl-Street, they are allowed to cross the square next to the swimming hall.
The parking places for swimming hall and sporting areas are developed from North via the Ludwig-Prantl-Street and the Römerhofweg. The excisting cycle and pedestrian ways are tied up and continued through the area. An additional route leads through the green strip.
The urban concept follows the principles of sustainable city planning: Compact building volumes and concentrated typologies of detached houses reduce energy demand. An open building structure und south orientated plots allow to gain solar heat during winter time. Rich planted living areas create a balanced climate during the summer season. Compact building sites enable an economic district heating supply. A close mesh of attractive cycle and pedestrian ways appeals to abandon motorised individual traffic.
Böhm Glaab Sandler Mittertrainer